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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of method of finding the longitude at sea, by time-keepers found in the catalog.

method of finding the longitude at sea, by time-keepers

William Wales

method of finding the longitude at sea, by time-keepers

to which are added, tables of equations to equal altitudes

by William Wales

  • 386 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by Printed by C. Buckton ... for the author; and sold by him ... also by F. Wingrave ... J. Johnson ... W. Richardson ... and all olther booksellers in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Navigation -- Tables -- Early works to 1800.,
  • Longitude -- Early works to 1800.

  • Edition Notes

    Signatures: (a)-b|p4|s, B-P|p4 |sQ|p2|s.

    Statementby William Wales.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 115 p., plates ;
    Number of Pages115
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20695833M

      Extreme close-up!! He made his clocks based on experience, not book-learning like those poncey university types. Saying that a ship needs a machine or watch that could point out the time at its home port to figure out what its longitude is. The narrator says that finding longitude had become, in the public’s mind, the work of madmen. Nigel Phillips Catalogue identified a new type of urinary calculus, consisting of xanthic oxide, and he later investigated alcaptonuria, the condition in which the urine turns black” (ODNB).

      This conclusion he put at once to practical effect, and, in , he published the British Mariner's Guide, a handbook for the determination of the longitude at sea by the method of lunars. At the same time, the other method, that by the time-keeper or chronometer, was practically tested by him. The time-keeper constructed by John Harrison had. This means of finding Longitude was known as the 'Lunar Distance Method'. In , the British Government offered, by Act of Parliament, £20, for a solution which could provide longitude to within half-a-degree (2 minutes of time). The methods would be tested on a ship, sailing.

    John Harrison (24 March – 24 March ) was a self-educated English clockmaker. He invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought and critically-needed key piece in solving the problem of accurately establishing the East-West position, or longitude, of a ship at sea, thus revolutionising and extending the possibility of safe long distance sea travel in the Age of ality: British. The position of a ship at sea could be determined with reasonable accuracy if a navigator could refer to a clock that lost or gained less than about 10 seconds per day. The marine chronometer would have to keep the time of a fixed location—usually Greenwich Mean Time —allowing seafarers to determine longitude by comparing the local high.


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Method of finding the longitude at sea, by time-keepers by William Wales Download PDF EPUB FB2

Download or read The Method of Finding the Longitude at Sea, by Time-keepers book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple. The method of finding the longitude at sea, by time-keepers: to which are added, tables of equations to equal altitudes.

By William Wales A printed from a copy corrected by the author.:Author: William$c. Wales. by time-keepers book The Method of Finding the Longitude at Sea, by Time-keepers: To which are Added, Tables of Equations to Equal Altitudes William Wales C.

Buckton, - Longitude - pages. John Harrison (3 April [O.S. 24 March] – 24 March ) was a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker who invented the marine chronometer, a long-sought-after device for solving the problem of calculating longitude while at sea.

Harrison's solution revolutionized navigation and greatly increased the safety of long-distance sea travel. The problem he solved was considered so Awards: Copley Medal () Longitude Act ( & ). Longitude from Dava Sobel is a fascinating account of how a virtually unknown watchmaker named John Harrison conquered one of the oldest and thorniest problems surrounding the ocean voyages - the problem of accurately measuring longitude- which stumped even the best of scientific minds for centuries.

Method of finding the longitude at sea fascinating problem It was Ptolemy in Geographia, written in the 2nd 4/5. The method of finding the longitude at sea: by time-keepers: to which are added, tables of equations to equal altitudes. More Extensive and Accurate than any hitherto Published.

By William Wales, F.R.S. And Master of the Royal Mathematical School in Christ's Hospital. At a memorable meeting of the Board of Longitude (9 February ), at which the sums to be awarded to Harrison and Mayer were specified, Maskelyne, who had just been appointed astronomer royal, arranged for four naval officers to be in attendance to testify to the general utility of the lunar-distance method for finding longitude at sea to.

The solution to the problem of determining longitude-at-sea materialized in the form of an extremely accurate timepiece carried aboard ship and commonly known ever since as a “chronometer.” Using such a steady, accurate time-keeper, longitude could be calculated. For the details, I recommend Dava Sobel’s book titled “Longitude.”.

Abstract. The story of John Harrison and his marine timekeepers, engagingly told by Dava Sobel, has promulgated the misleading notion that accurate clocks solved the problem of determining longitude at sea.

3 Neither Harrison’s timekeepers nor the cheaper, more seaworthy, chronometers of Arnold and Earnshaw immediately transformed the longitude problem, partly because there were alternative Author: David Philip Miller.

Full text of "The theory and practice of finding the longitude at sea or land: to which are added, various methods of determining the latitude of a place, and variation of. Wales, William: Remarks on Mr. Forster's Account of Captain Cook's last Voyage round the *. - Wales, William: The method of finding the longitude at sea, by time-keepers.

- Wales, William: The original astronomical observations, made in the course ofa voyage tow*. - This chapter discusses how an uneducated Yorkshire carpenter named John Harrison invented the marine chronometer to allow sea farers to find the longitude at sea and managed to claim the prize set by the British Parliament for discovering a reliable method of determining longitude at : Lloyd Brown.

A year of two acts. The Barrington Papers deal with a key year in the Board of Longitude's history——when two new longitude Acts were obtained from Parliament.

7 These Acts gave important clarification both to the Board's powers and to the criteria necessary for winning a longitude prize. Crucially, they ensured that the Board's powers would continue, which the Barrington Cited by: 5. The method of finding the longitude at sea / by time-keepers: to which are added, tables of equations to equal altitudes.

More extensive and accurate than any hitherto published. Ms. SOBEL: The--these are the time keepers that were built by John Harrison to solve the greatest scientific problem of the 18th century, which was the determination of longitude at sea.

And it had actually been a problem ever since people set sail. And the entire age of exploration was, in fact, carried out without anyone's ever knowing where he was, which is a stunning concept if you think.

King Charles II founded the Royal Observatory in to solve the problem of finding longitude at sea. If an accurate catalogue of the positions of the stars could be made, and the position of the Moon then measured accurately relative to the stars, the Moon's motion could be used as a natural clock to calculate Greenwich Time.

Speculum nauticum A looking-glasse for sea-men. Wherein they may behold, how by a small instrument, called the plain-scale, all nautical questions, and astronomical propositions, are very easily and demonstratively performed.

First set down by John Aspley, student in physick, and practitioner of the mathematicks in London. The sixth edition.

Sobel's book was also the basis for a PBS NOVA episode entitled Lost at Sea: The Search for Longitude. Harrison's marine time-keepers were an essential part of the plot in the Christmas special of long-running British sitcom Only Fools And Horses entitled "Time On Our Hands".

London, VULLIAMY (BENJAMIN LEWIS) On the Construction and Theory of the Dead Escapement for Clocks. 8vo. London, D 2 [ 36 ] WALES (WILLIAM), F.R.S. Method of finding the Longitude at Sea by Time-keepers, with tables of equations to equal altitudes.

8vo. London^ 1 The same, second edition. 8vo. A significant problem that long vexed this method of finding longitude was the lack of a timekeeping device that was precise enough to maintain the time at Greenwich without slowing down or speeding up through the rigors of a rocking sailing ship, changing temperatures, changing humidities, sea salt, etc.

time keepers. On the left is H1. An excellent book on a compelling man, written by the man who chronicled Gould's work on his book on the marine chronometers. What has been turned up here is a fascinating story of a conflicted and tortured soul, dealing with severe mental conditions (two breakdowns, both coinciding with periods of active military service), a incredibly complicated marital situation, and an obsession with the Cited by: 3.

In his paper, Huygens presents “Instructions concerning the use of pendulum-watches for finding the longitude at sea, together with a journal of a method for such watches.

” The paper outlines a timekeeping method using the “equation of time” (which quantifies the monthly variations of the earth’s rotational period) and capitalizes on.The problem of longitude at sea in the 18th century in Spain.

calclJlating method, the production of this French artisan's first time-keepers which shows the interest which.